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TTR

GST

GST

GST (Goods & Services Tax)

The Constitution Amendment Bill for Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been approved by The President of India post its passage in the Parliament (Rajya Sabha on 3 August 2016 and Lok Sabha on 8 August 2016) and ratification by more than 50 percent of state legislatures. The Government of India is committed to replace all the indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Centre and States and implement GST by April 2017.

With GST, it is anticipated that the tax base will be comprehensive, as virtually all goods and services will be taxable, with minimum exemptions.

GST will be a game changing reform for the Indian economy by creating a common Indian market and reducing the cascading effect of tax on the cost of goods and services. It will impact the tax structure, tax incidence, tax computation, tax payment, compliance, credit utilization and reporting, leading to a complete overhaul of the current indirect tax system.

GST will have a far-reaching impact on almost all the aspects of the business operations in the country, for instance, pricing of products and services, supply chain optimization, IT, accounting, and tax compliance systems.

GST is a value-added tax levied at all points in the supply chain with credit allowed for any tax paid on input acquired for use in making the supply. It would apply to both goods and services in a comprehensive manner, with exemptions restricted to a minimum.

In keeping with the federal structure of India, it is proposed that GST will be levied concurrently by the Centre (CGST) and the states (SGST). It is expected that the base and other essential design features would be common between CGST and SGST across SGSTs for individual states. Both CGST and SGST would be levied on the basis of the destination principle. Thus, exports would be zero-rated, and imports would attract tax in the same manner as domestic goods and services. Inter- state supplies within India would attract an Integrated GST (aggregate of CGST and the SGST of the destination State).

In addition to the IGST, in respect of supply of goods, an additional tax of up to 1% has been proposed to be levied by the Centre. Revenue from this tax is to be assigned to origin states. This tax is proposed to be levied for the first two years or a longer period, as recommended by the GST Council.

GST has been considered as an efficient tax system, neutral in its application and distributionally attractive. The advantages of GST are:

  • Wider tax base, necessary for lowering tax rates and eliminating classification disputes
  • Elimination of multiplicity of taxes and their cascading effects
  • Rationalization of tax structure and simplification of compliance procedures
  • Harmonization of center and state tax administrations, which would reduce duplication and compliance costs
  • Automation of compliance procedures to reduce errors and increase efficiency

GST would replace most indirect taxes currently in place such as:

Central Taxes:

  • Central Excise Duty [including additional excise duties, excise duty under the Medicinal and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act, 1955]
  • Service tax
  • Additional Customs Duty (CVD)
  • Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD)
  • Central Sales Tax ( levied by the Centre and collected by the States)
  • Central surcharges and cess(es) ( relating to supply of goods and services)

State Taxes:

  • Value-added tax
  • Octroi and Entry tax
  • Purchase tax
  • Luxury tax
  • Taxes on lottery, betting and gambling
  • State cess(es) and surcharges
  • Entertainment tax (other than the tax levied by the local bodies)
  • Central Sales tax ( levied by the Centre and collected by states)

We provided end-to- end services of GST, contact us to make your business in compliant to all the rules.